Deciphering the Complexities: Understanding the Market Value of Properties in India

Author: Riddhi Gadhiya
property market value india

Real estate, as one of the most globally recognized sectors, plays a pivotal role in shaping India’s economic landscape. Comprising four sub-sectors – housing, retail, hospitality, and commercial – the Indian real estate sector has witnessed exceptional growth in recent times, fueled by a surge in demand for both office and residential spaces. Notably, real estate stands as the second largest source of employment in India, following agriculture, underscoring its significance in the country’s socio-economic fabric.

When you think about buying a house, lots of questions pop up. Some are about safety and convenience, like how close the property is to schools and hospitals. But there are also important questions about money, like how much the property will be worth in the future. And if you’re thinking about investing in property, these questions become even more important. You might wonder how much the property will go up in value or where to invest your money wisely without making any hasty decisions.

  • Here are some more questions that might come to mind:

  • What factors affect the value of a property?

  • How do I know if a property is a good investment?

  • Are there any risks involved in buying property?

  • What should I look for when buying a house?

If you find yourself grappling with similar queries or seeking to unravel the intricacies of property market valuation and its influencing factors, then this blog is tailored to meet your needs.

  • Indian Market Size

    Let’s start by looking at how big the Indian market really is and what that means for property values. According to a report, by 2040, the real estate market in India is projected to soar to Rs. 65,000 crore (US$ 9.30 billion) from Rs. 12,000 crore (US$ 1.72 billion) in 2019. Furthermore, as per IBPE, the real estate sector in India is anticipated to achieve a market size of US$ 1 trillion by 2030, a significant increase from US$ 200 billion in 2021. Additionally, it is expected to contribute 13% to the country’s GDP by 2025.

    This exponential growth in the Indian real estate market signifies a substantial increase in property values. As the market expands, property prices are likely to rise, presenting lucrative opportunities for investors and homeowners.

    As promising as the market size sounds, it also comes with complexities involved in determining accurate and updated valuations for sellers, buyers, and investors.

  • Complexities In Determining Market Value:

    1. Market Volatility

    2. Regional Variations

    3. Regulatory Changes

    4. Economic Factors

    5. Supply and Demand Dynamics

    6. Property Condition

    7. Market Sentiment

  • Factors Influencing Property Valuation:

    When it comes to property valuation in India, several key factors play a pivotal role in determining market value of a property. Understanding these factors is crucial for making informed decisions in the real estate market.

    1. Location: The location of a property is paramount. Whether it’s proximity to schools, hospitals, or transportation hubs, the right location can significantly impact property value. It’s often said in real estate sales: “Location, location, location.”

    2. Size: The size of a property matters. Larger properties tend to appreciate more over time, offering greater potential for long-term investment returns.

    3. Amenities: Lifestyle amenities have become increasingly important, especially in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic. Homebuyers are now seeking properties with basic amenities that enhance their quality of life.

    4. Condition: The condition of a property can greatly influence its market value. Well-maintained properties often command higher prices, while those in poor condition may see depreciation over time.

    5. Demand-Supply Dynamics: Understanding demand-supply dynamics is essential. A property in high demand and low supply is likely to see greater appreciation in value.

  • Methods Of Property Valuation:

    In property valuation, several methods are employed to determine the potential value of a property. Let us explore the different approaches commonly used in India:

    1. Sales Comparison Approach:

      This method involves comparing the property being valued with similar properties that have recently been sold in the same locality.

      • For example, suppose you are valuing a three-bedroom apartment in Mumbai. You would compare it with similar apartments in the same neighborhood that have recently sold for similar prices.

    2. Income Capitalization Approach:

      The income capitalization approach evaluates the property’s value based on its income-generating potential.

      • For instance, consider a commercial property in Pune that generates rental income of ₹1,00,000 per month. By applying a capitalization rate of 8%, you can estimate its value to be ₹1,50,00,000 (₹1,00,000 / 0.08).

    3. Cost Approach:

      The cost approach determines the property’s value by estimating the cost of replacing or reproducing it.

      • For example, if you are valuing a newly constructed villa in Bangalore, you would calculate the cost of land acquisition, construction, and improvements, adjusted for depreciation.

    By understanding how each method works and its inherent strengths and weaknesses, property owners, investors, and developers can make more informed decisions when assessing property values in India.

  • Role Of Location and Neighborhood:

    As mentioned earlier, location plays a pivotal role in property value appreciation. The saying goes: “Location, location, location” – and for good reason. Let us delve into how factors such as proximity to urban centers, transportation hubs, schools, healthcare facilities, and commercial zones influence property valuations.

    Let us understand the role of location through examples.

    1. Proximity to Urban Centers:

      • Apartments in Pune’s Hinjewadi IT hub command premium prices due to accessibility to major companies and amenities.

    2. Access to Transportation Hubs:

      • Residential developments near Greater Noida’s upcoming metro station see increased demand, driving property values upward.

    3. Presence of Schools and Healthcare Facilities:

      • Suburban Mumbai neighborhoods with renowned schools and healthcare centers attract families, boosting property values.

    4. Commercial Hubs and Amenities:

      • Bangalore’s tech parks and shopping malls create strong demand for properties, leading to appreciation in market values.

  • Regulatory Framework and Legal Considerations:

    Regulation and legal frameworks provided by the government play a crucial role in determining the market value of real estate. One such landmark regulation in India is the Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act (RERA). Enacted to bring transparency and accountability to the real estate sector, RERA has significantly influenced market values.

  • Impact of RERA on Real Estate Market Value:

    Implementation of the Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act (RERA) in India has had a significant impact on the real estate market value.

    Here’s how

    1. Increased Transparency: RERA mandates developers to register their projects and provide accurate information about the project status, timeline, and specifications.

    2. Improved Quality Standards: RERA requires developers to adhere to stringent quality standards and timelines for project completion.

    Overall, RERA has brought about significant positive changes in the Indian real estate market by promoting transparency, accountability, and consumer protection. These factors have collectively contributed to the enhancement of market values for properties that comply with RERA regulations.

Conclusion

Understanding the factors influencing market value, such as location, property valuation methods, complexities, and regulatory frameworks, empowers you to navigate the real estate market with confidence. By grasping these nuances, investing and buying properties becomes more accessible. Seeking professional guidance and conducting thorough due diligence ensures accurate valuation, paving the way for informed decisions.

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Riddhi Gadhiya

Riddhi Gadhiya is a dynamic and accomplished Brand Architect specialised in Performance Marketing, currently contributing her expertise in the field of PropTech at BeyondWalls. With over 7 years of experience, Riddhi has established herself as a solution-focused and result-oriented digital marketing professional, garnering praise for her exceptional performance and track record of proven results.

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Comments (2)

Rahul Bose

Good read! It offers quick insights into the various factors influencing property prices and methods for accurately assessing market value of property.

Sunil Shah

Good post. It provides a comprehensive overview with outlining various factors that influence property valuation in Indian.